Cyber security policies and laws in Indonesia
In the current digital era, the aspect of information security has become very crucial. Indonesia, as a country with many internet users, certainly needs clear regulations regarding cyber security. Before delving further into existing policies and laws, let’s first understand cybersecurity and why it is essential.
Definition of Cyber Security
Cybersecurity is an effort to protect information systems, including hardware, software and data, from attacks or unauthorized access. This aims to maintain the confidentiality, integrity and availability of data.
The Importance of Cybersecurity
Cyber security is not only related to the protection of personal data but also to national information security, the digital economy, and the country’s critical infrastructure.
Cyber Security Policy in Indonesia
The Indonesian government has established a national cyber security policy to create effective and integrated cyber security governance. This policy emphasizes strengthening human resource capacity, improving technology, and collaboration between agencies and the private sector.
Apart from national policies, there are also sectoral policies formulated by each ministry or institution according to their field of duties and functions. For example, the Indonesian Ministry of Communication and Information (Kominfo) has a unique policy regarding improving the security of digital communications infrastructure.
Cyber Security Law in Indonesia
Law Number 11 of 2008 concerning Electronic Information and Transactions (UU ITE)
The ITE Law is the legal basis that regulates electronic information and transactions. One of the essential points in this law is about sanctions for cybercriminals.
Government Regulation Number 71 of 2019 concerning the Implementation of Electronic Systems and Transactions (PP 71/2019)
PP 71/2019 further regulates electronic transaction and administration systems. One of the goals is to increase public confidence in electronic transactions that are safe and legal in the eyes of the law.
Understanding cyber security policies and laws in Indonesia is essential, especially for digital business players and public service providers. With a good understanding, we can be more alert and apply best practices in maintaining data and information security.
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